Dale Hunt, PhD, JD, Ethan Russo, MD, and Robert C. Clarke, cannabis industry professionals, have combined their expertise and joined forces to form the first cannabis company to focus on intellectual property (IP) protection specifically for independent plant breeders and licencing IP for access to markets worldwide. The company, named Breeder’s Best, hopes to bring to cannabis a global plant-licensing model that has proven successful in other agricultural industries.
“We have only scratched the surface of what cannabis can do to improve and enhance our lives,” Dr. Ethan Russo said. “Breeder’s Best will do that. In the coming decades, identifying, selectively breeding for, and utilising specific chemical components will truly transform medicine.” Dr. Russo is a board-certified neurologist, a preeminent medical cannabis expert, the author of more than 50 peer-reviewed medical journal articles, and a former GW Pharmaceuticals Senior Medical Advisor as well as the Sativex® and Epidiolex® clinical trial Study Physician and Medical Monitor.
“I am very excited for the opportunity that Breeder’s Best represents, which is to make cannabis safer and better through the work of cannabis artisans emphasising organic and regenerative agriculture to produce crops with greater biochemical diversity and a broader range of therapeutic benefits,” added Russo.
The liberalisation of global cannabis laws and growing public acceptance of cannabis have resulted in a rapidly increasing demand for cannabis flower, as well as cannabis-derived therapeutics and products. According to Prohibition Partners, the international cannabis industry will be worth more than $103.6 billion by 2024.
Doc Ray has been breeding cannabis in Humboldt County, California, the heart of cannabis country, for over 40 years. Doc is known for creating one-of-a-kind and highly medicinal cannabis strains for specific conditions, which began in 1984 when he created a plant to help his mother cope with the effects of cancer. Since then, he has worked as a caregiver for critically ill children and adults, developing and growing their medicine. Doc, a retired Army Green Beret, has a special place in his heart for other veterans and has developed two chemovars to help address PTSD symptoms, which he will licence to Breeder’s Best. “Breeder’s Best gives me a platform to move from obscurity into the light to ensure that the genetics I’ve developed to help people get to the people who need it on a global scale!” says Doc. The Breeder’s Best platform also ensures that what I’ve created is safeguarded and available to the world for future generations.”
Intellectual Property and Cannabis
While the cannabis industry offers significant opportunity, there is a critical gap that separates breeders’ creativity from markets that require products with unique and proven genetic profiles. Furthermore, there is typically very little IP protection to support good partnerships between cannabis brands and breeders. Breeder’s Best will bring these two key stakeholders together while legally protecting breeders’ genetic inventiveness.
“Our mission is to connect the best Cannabis genetics to the greatest needs and most promising commercial opportunities,” says Dale Hunt, founder and CEO of Breeder’s Best. To accomplish this, we have assembled an unrivalled team of experts with extensive experience at all levels of the cannabis supply chain. Breeder’s Best will be positioned to meet the demands of an increasingly professional and GMP-oriented marketplace while doing business in a way that benefits breeders and directs profitable and reliable business to growers who would otherwise be left behind as the industry matures. Breeder’s Best is poised to become the global leader in patented cannabis genetics and related products, thanks to our vision, team, model, know-how, and relationships.” Dr. Hunt has been practising intellectual property law for the past 23 years. He holds a PhD in plant cellular and molecular biology and has obtained thousands of patents and plant variety rights on behalf of his clients in over 30 countries.
“Cannabis use is finally becoming more acceptable. At Breeder’s Best, we provide independent Cannabis breeders with the opportunity to protect their unique varieties while also assisting them in placing those genetics in profitable markets. “This is a fantastic service for breeders who would rather focus on the art and science of breeding rather than the mechanics of commercialization,” said Breeder’s Best Director of Agronomy and Genetics, Robert C. Clarke. Mr. Clarke is a 40-year cannabis industry veteran best known for his books Marijuana Botany (1982) and Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany (2013).
The Cannabis plant produces over 450 chemical components, many of which have therapeutic potential. However, decades of cannabis prohibition have resulted in a lack of genetic diversity and the dominance of only a small subset of potential agents worldwide.
Breeder’s Best is a privately held Cannabis IP genetics company that has been organised as a B Corporation to demonstrate their commitment to independent Cannabis breeders and to meeting the global needs of patients and consumers for superior products.…
We are honoured that you have decided to learn how to grow cannabis indoors from The Weed Blog. Before you dig your hands into the dirt, it’s critical to understand the legality of cannabis cultivation in your area to avoid unpleasant interactions with law enforcement or serious legal consequences. Investigate your state and local marijuana laws to ensure you’re growing legally. Regardless of any local permits for cannabis cultivation, the practise is still illegal on a federal level.
You have complete control over the environment when growing cannabis indoors, and you can save money while producing high-quality cannabis! Furthermore, there is a distinct satisfaction in growing your own. Many cannabis enthusiasts claim that they didn’t appreciate the plant fully until they grew it themselves.
The main advantage of growing weed indoors is that you have more control than when you grow it outside. Growing indoors allows for the implementation of strategies such as introducing high levels of CO2, which results in larger buds with higher THC concentrations.
While there are numerous advantages to growing indoors, there are some potential issues that could be costly or disastrous to your crop if you are not careful. You should be confident in your ability to produce a successful cannabis harvest before making a significant financial investment. Your time and effort will be significant as well; no one wants to spend weeks in a garden just to produce compost pile fodder.
Getting Your Garden Ready
Before planting seeds, make sure you have all of the necessary materials for a successful indoor cannabis grow. We’ve compiled a list of general materials required for a successful harvest:
You must choose an area in which to expand. It could be a closet, an indoor grow tent, a spare room, or the basement.
Invest in indoor grow lights. These are available in a variety of styles, but for beginners, we recommend HPS (high pressure sodium) lights.
Find and buy seeds that interest you.
Selecting Your Seeds
When deciding what type of cannabis plants to grow, choosing the right seeds is critical. The colour, height, quality, and aroma of the plant are all determined by the seed’s quality. Avoid seeds that are cracked, soft, pale, or green. These seeds are not mature enough to begin the germination process, which may result in weak plants or, worse, no plants at all.
Good seeds will be dark brown, teardrop-shaped, and encased in a hard shell. Darker tiger stripes indicate indica seeds, whereas brown mottling indicates sativa seeds.
The most important consideration when selecting seeds is whether they are regular or feminised. Feminized seeds are typically more expensive, but most growers agree that the cost is well worth it. Feminized seeds guarantee that the plant will be female 99 percent of the time. This is significant because female plants generally produce larger buds, and if a male plant is present, the female plants’ growth will be hampered.
Regular seeds can produce both male and female plants, but using them is risky because they can drastically reduce the size of your harvest if they produce male plants. As a result, novices should strongly consider using feminised seeds.
How do you get your seeds to germinate?
Planting your seeds directly into a grow medium is the simplest way to germinate them. A seedling plug is another common method for germinating seeds. Plant the entire plug after germination, and you’ll be on the right track. If you’re growing hydroponically, you should always use seedling plugs.
Keep in mind that not every seed will thrive when deciding on the number of seeds to plant. It is common practise to assume that 10 – 20% of the seeds will not germinate, so make sure to overestimate. The time it takes for seeds to germinate depends on a variety of factors, but seeds typically germinate in 2 to 7 days.
For new growers, practising the germination process on inexpensive seeds may be beneficial because you don’t want to risk ruining a costly batch while you’re still learning how to grow properly.
The Soaking Technique
The soaking method, which is a reliable and simple process, is one of the most effective ways to germinate cannabis seeds. Fill a cup halfway with warm water, then drop in the seeds and look for the ones that float. Remove any floaters from the cup and cover it with a lid. Within 24-48 hours, the roots will begin to sprout. Transfer the roots to your grow medium once they have grown about a quarter inch. Because the small sprouts are delicate, you must exercise extreme caution during this process.
When seeds are kept warm, the germination process is sped up. When the seeds are ready, place them about two inches deep in the grow medium. It is critical that the seeds remain moist but not soaked. If the seeds dry out, the process comes to a halt.
Older seeds germinate at a slower rate and frequently have lower germination rates than newer seeds. Even with fresh seeds, however, some strains germinate better than others. Don’t be concerned if your seeds take a while to germinate. Isn’t patience a virtue?
Inexperienced cannabis cultivators frequently overwater their seedlings, resulting in a variety of issues such as sluggish growth, droopiness in the plant, or nutrient deficiencies. Watering your seedlings properly is essential for their growth so that they can be strong enough to support large flowering buds.
When watering your seedlings for the first time, give them 2 cups (500 millilitres) of water per seedling. Pour the water in a small circle around the seedling’s base to ensure you’re watering it rather than the dirt. Before watering again, wait until the top part of the soil is mostly dry.
As your seedling grows, gradually increase the amount of water so that the circle around the base is about the same width as the leaves. However, keep in mind that different grow mediums will necessitate varying amounts of water. Seedlings should be watered …
Cannabis plants require a fair amount of water in addition to sunlight each day and good soil to grow in.
Most states that have legalised recreational or medical marijuana also permit residents to cultivate a certain number of plants. After the initial setup costs, growing your own cannabis can be a cost-effective way to save money. Not only can you select which strains to cultivate, but you can also set up a grow room to keep yourself in flower all year.
Cannabis plants require a fair amount of water in addition to a certain amount of sunlight each day and good, nutritious soil to grow in. They require water to perform photosynthesis, which is essential for producing robust, healthy plants rich in the cannabinoids you desire and require. Too little or too much water can cause your plant to suffer, causing it to produce poorly or even die.
As a result, having a well-organized watering process for your plants is critical to growing the best plants and producing the highest yield.
Here’s how to create the most effective watering schedule for your plants.
The importance of pH balance in marijuana cultivation cannot be overstated.
You can water your cannabis plants with tap water. It is, however, critical to allow your tap water to settle for at least 24 hours before using it. This allows the pH levels to settle and reduces the likelihood of the water shocking the plant. After it has settled, use test strips to check the pH levels. If you’re growing in soil, aim for a pH between 6.0 and 6.8. Other mediums may require a lower pH range of 5.5 to 6.0.
Adding Nutrients for Marijuana Growth
Your plants will require nutrients if they are in the growing stage. This should be added to the water gradually, not all at once. Begin with 34% of the recommended dose and gradually increase until it reaches the ideal dose.
How Often Should Cannabis Plants Be Watered?
Seedlings require the most care and should be watered twice a day. Allow larger plants to dry out slightly, but not too much! Allowing the soil to dry slightly allows the roots to expand in search of more water.
Larger plants should be watered every two to three days, preferably first thing in the morning. For indoor plants, this means as soon as the lights are turned on. Sticking your finger up to the first knuckle into the soil is a good rule of thumb. It is time to water if it is dry. If the soil is still wet, postpone the project for another day.
How Much Water Should Cannabis Plants Get?
The amount of water required will be determined by the following factors:
Temperature difference between indoors and outdoors
At the bottom of each of your pots, there should be drainage holes. Water should pool up on the soil’s surface when watering, but it should not linger. Allow water to run through the drainage holes if the plant is parched. Return after about 10 minutes to give the plant some more water. You may need to return a third time.
Remember that as your plants grow, so will their thirst for water. Make a note of how much water each plant requires at each stage, especially if you have plants in different stages. This can assist you in determining how much water you will require as well as establishing a watering schedule.
Prior to Harvesting Your Marijuana Plants
Flush your plants with pure, room-temperature, pH-balanced water about two weeks before harvest. This will remove unnecessary nutrients while also improving the taste of your taste buds. Pour a generous amount of pure water into the soil, let it sit for a few minutes, then flush again.
Always check your water first if your plant is sick. Examine the pH balance and nutrient levels. Only after you’ve determined that the water isn’t the source of the problem should you look for other culprits.
Joseph Collins has been a content writer for nearly 5 years. He writes scientific articles about marijuana and vaping and reviews vaporizers, marijuana seeds, growing supplies, and CBD products.…
What does the term “cure” mean in the context of marijuana? Curing weed is the process of removing bacteria before storing it for a long period of time. After harvesting and trimming the leaves off the stem, one of the most important steps is curing. Patience is essential in order to have high-quality smokable products ready for medical cannabis users. When done correctly, drying and curing cannabis not only increases potency but also reduces the possibility of mould or bacteria growing on drying marijuana buds. Understanding what happens from start to finish will give you a better understanding and appreciation for what marijuana cultivators do for medical marijuana (MMJ) patients.
What Is the Purpose of Curing Weed?
Other benefits of drying and curing marijuana include bringing out the full potency of the strain, breaking down the chlorophyll, getting rid of the unpleasant “fresh hay” smell (a situationally associated smell with freshly harvested bud), and, did I mention, increasing potency! The curing process, like that of fine wine, can have a significant impact on the quality and effects of a particular strain. In many cases, properly curing weed will alter its subjective effects, so keep an eye on how local cultivators cure their cannabis buds! It is not just about having great genetics, but also about how the grower has cared for the MMJ plants during the weed plant’s life that distinguishes between “mid grade” level products and “Top Shelf” worthy buds.
How Long Does It Take to Cure Weed: Does Curing Affect Potency?
Curing has an effect on potency. How long does it take to recover from marijauna? According to my observations, the drying process for marijauna can take anywhere from a few days to a little more than a week. Curing pot buds can take anywhere from two (2) weeks to sixteen (16) weeks, or roughly half a month to a little more than five (5) months.
Every strain has a sweet spot, so be patient if it’s a favourite strain from a master grower! It’s like the old adage, “absence makes the heart grow fonder,” so if you have a favourite local cultivator, learn to appreciate the absence of their product. They spend countless hours cultivating the perfectly dried cannabis from start to finish.
What Humidity Should I Use for Curing Buds: Do Buds Tighten Up When Drying?
Before we get into mediums, let’s talk about the proper environment. This procedure should be carried out in a clean room with a controlled and well-ventilated environment. There are numerous strain-specific factors that can influence this, but in order to achieve the highest quality buds, room temperatures should be set to 70°F (21°C), with humidity levels ranging between 45 and 65 percent (the range is also dependent on the medium variance, we will go into this below). This prevents over-drying/decay and also helps to prevent mould growth from forming while the dehumidifiers in the room are operating.
In short, buds tighten up as they dry due to water evaporation from the harvested marijuana. A 100-pound wet weight of marijuana can result in a yield of 25-35 pounds of dry weed.
What Happens During the Curing Process?
The cultivator will store and moderate the humidity/temperature during the curing process, allowing airflow into the product within a controlled container. Keep an eye out for this as a consumer because it can help you avoid purchasing overly dry or mouldy weed at a dispensary. Drying and curing are classified as the same process, but to an experienced grower, they are two distinct processes.
How dark should the drying room be?
Now that we’ve covered three (3) of the four (4) most important aspects of drying pot, let’s move on to mediums for properly curing weed after harvesting and drying in the proper environment. Curing Marijuana buds must be cured in a medium that prevents the material from degrading below “top shelf” quality.
Avoiding light exposure is critical; store the containers in a dark place. Heat and UV light can cause valuable marijuana molecules (cannabinoids) and terpenes to degrade. In my opinion, I enjoy the full spectrum of a specific cannabis strain; thus, the -Myrcene, Linalool, -Pinene, d-Limonene, and so on are what contribute to a specific strain’s unique effect when consumed. Each strain contains varying amounts of cannabinoids as well as terpene levels, which play a significant role in the effect it may have on someone. The last thing anyone wants is a subpar product as a result of a poor cure.
Curing is an art form in and of itself, and it is one of the steps involved in successfully drying marijauna buds. Consider an orange peel that has been left out in the sun. Yes, it ripens quickly, so the orange smells (terpenes) degrade, and you’re left with a brown peel with no profile after a day or two. Similarly, bud can lose its strain’s full spectrum effect if not properly cured. This is why multiple cultivators can grow the same strain while producing different products.
How to Dry Buds Without Using a Hanger
The best way to cure cannabis buds is to use curing jars as a medium while avoiding light and heat exposure. Some cultivators, for example, will cure in large mason jars or miron glass jars (a type of glass that filters out all visible light apart from violet). Here’s a pro tip for those of you who are interested: If you’ve ever wondered what that brown packet in the dispensary jars was, look for items like “Boveda packs.” These terpene packs are an important step in properly curing cannabis buds and storing them after purchase.
This is what the pros use, so the next time you buy marijuana buds, ask the budtender what the proper humidity level is for storage. The packets will be useful for long-term storage or if a product is purchased prematurely. Throwing one in the jar as you consume your marijuana on a daily basis will only improve the quality and longevity. You’ll …
What exactly is autoflowering, and why is it advantageous to cannabis?
If you’re even remotely familiar with cannabis and its cultivation, you’ve probably heard of autoflowering. This is a popular (and frequently contentious) topic in the cannabis industry, particularly among new cultivators. Before you dig into this article and the soil, check your state’s laws and regulations to ensure that purchasing autoflowering cannabis seeds and cannabis cultivation in general is legal in your state.
What Exactly Is Autoflowering?
Autoflowering cannabis plants have a genetic link to a wild hemp strain from Eastern Europe, Asia, and Russia. This hemp strain was known as Cannabis Ruderalis in 1940s Russia. Ruderalis, like other types of hemp, had low THC levels; however, an unknown visionary breeder recognised the autoflowering capacity of this hemp plant and decided to cross Ruderalis plants with famous photoperiod (non-autoflowering or regular) cannabis strains to increase THC potency while retaining the autoflowering capabilities.
Cannabis Ruderalis, known for its autoflowering ability, matures differently than indica and sativa plants. The ability of Ruderalis to flower without a specific light cycle has long piqued the interest of researchers. It blooms on its own, as the name implies. This trait evolved as a result of the plant’s extreme environmental conditions. Some believe that these plants escaped cultivation and were then exposed to these conditions. As a result, the flowering stage is not dependent on a specific amount of light, making it simple to grow and appealing to new cultivators.
Light Cycle for Autoflowers
Because autoflowering weeds have a shorter vegetative period than photoperiod plants, they require at least 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness (18/6). This method maximises energy use within the plants while also allowing for hardy growth. Some cultivators, on the other hand, claim that autoflowering strains require 24 hours of light to maximise vegetative growth. There is no universal agreement among cultivators on an exact amount of light time; it is best to experiment with both methods and determine which one works best for you and your cultivation goals.
Autoflowering Seeds at Their Finest
There are numerous seed banks online where you can buy a huge selection of autoflowering cannabis seeds from autoflowering strains. Again, before making any seed purchases, thoroughly research the cannabis laws in your area.
The sheer number of autoflower seeds available can be overwhelming, but there are several that are specifically marketed for their fast growth, high quality, and potency. Critical Thunder, Dwarf Low Flyer, Bluetooth, and Early Miss are some of the best indica-dominant autoflowering cannabis seeds, while Trainwreck, Silver Bullet, and Amnesia Haze are some of the best sativa-dominant seeds. Hybrid strain seeds like Cheese NL and NYC Diesel are also at the top of most lists. Blue Dream, on the other hand, is consistently rated as the best autoflower seed because it is the easiest to grow and versatile enough to grow both indoors and outdoors– a dream for inexperienced cultivators. Blue Dream also tastes like delicious, sweet berries that get you high.
Autoflower Growing Instructions
It is not difficult to learn how to grow autoflower cannabis.
Because of the accelerated growth rate of autoflowers, time is limited.
After three nodes, top your cannabis plants.
Autoflowering cannabis does not require a normal light cycle, but it does require warmth.
Autoflowering cannabis plants do not require as much feeding as sativa and indica cannabis plants.
Use less nitrogen than would normally be used during a vegetative growth phase.
Autoflowering Seeds: How to Grow Them
There are several things to keep in mind when growing autoflowering cannabis seeds. Failure to follow the recommended procedures will almost certainly result in your cannabis plants falling short of expectations, which no one wants to see.
You’ll only have about two weeks to train your plant, so keep that in mind from the start. Many cultivators who have grown autoflower seeds claim that it is best to harvest the colas first, and then wait for the bottom buds to gather some density before harvesting them. After each plant has three nodes, try to top it.
Because autoflowering strains do not require a photoperiod, many people choose to harvest them early or late in the season. Remember that these cannabis plants do not require a normal light cycle, but they do require warmth. If you expect a lot of rain, it’s best to use a greenhouse to protect your plants.
Best Autoflower Feed: Do Autoflowers Need Nutrients?
When compared to photoperiod plants, the best feed for autoflowering weed has less nitrogen in its nutrients.
(Autoflowering cannabis) plants will not require as much feeding as photoperiod plants due to their small size and short time spent in vegetative growth. Feed lightly and make vegetative nutrients available as soon as possible; however, keep in mind that autoflowers do not require as many vegetative nutrients, such as nitrogen.
What Is the Best Way to Feed Autoflowers with Coco?
Because Coco Coir contains no nutrients, feeding autoflowers in Coco differs significantly from feeding them in soil. In contrast to soil, where nutrients are already present, you will need to provide nutrients from the first week. However, when compared to photoperiod cannabis plants, you will use less nitrogen.
Can You Make an Auto Flower Bloom?
While there is some anecdotal evidence that autoflowers can be forced to flower, there is no solid scientific evidence to back up this claim. Unlike photoperiod plants, these cannabis plants originally adapted to harsh environments by flowering automatically without a specific light cycle.
Autoflowers have a long life span.
Autoflowers live for about 8-10 weeks from seed to harvest. During week 11, most cultivators begin harvesting. Before harvesting buds, make sure that at least half of the trichomes on your autoflowering cannabis plants have turned an amber colour; otherwise, the THC potency will be greatly reduced.…